The city of Pisa is one of the most famous university cities in Italy. Thanks to its very long university history and high quality of studies and research centers all three sections: Università di Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore and Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna gained very prestigious reputation both in Italy and Europe.
As one of the most ancient universities in Europe, the University of Pisa was officially founded in 1343 and it is considered to be one of the most prestigious universities in Italy. It was founded by an edict of Pope Clement VI, but some lectures on law had been existed since 11th century.
Its structure is made of eleven faculties: Agriculture; Economics; Engineering; Foreign Languages and Literature; Law; Letters and Philosophy; Mathematics, Physics and Natural Sciences; Medicine and Surgery; Pharmacy; Political Sciences and Veterinary Medicine.
It has also high level research centers. The University can be proud of its Orto botanico, which is the Europe's oldest academic botanical garden established in 1544.
During its long history, the University of Pisa had some famous students and professors like: Giosuè Carducci (poet and Nobel Prize winner), Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (former President of the Italian Republic), Pope Clement XII, Galileo Galilei (famous scientist), Carlo Rubbia (physicist and Nobel Prize winner), etc..
The Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa is one of the best known and prestigious universities in Italy. It was founded in 1810 by the wish of Napoleon. It was opened as a branch of the École Normale Supérieure in Paris.
It's organized as a research and teaching centre and professors, researchers and students work all together in classrooms and laboratories. Although part of the Italian university system, Scuola normale Superiore has its own special statute.
There are two parts of the university: the Faculty of Arts and the Faculty of Sciences and they are organized upon two levels - undergraduate and the doctoral.
It is very difficult to enter the school. The students are selected with the help of competitive exams and interviews. The Italian government covers most of the costs.
The Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna in Pisa is a public university institute which has its special statute. The basic structure of the School was established in 1967. At the beginning it was created on the model of the Scuola Normale Superiore, and it was administered by it. In 1987 the School gained its complete independence both from the Scuola Normale and the University of Pisa.
The Scuola covers a wide field of applied sciences: Economic, Legal and Political Sciences for the Class of Social Sciences; and Agricultural, Medical, Industrial Sciences and Industrial Engineering for the Class of Experimental Sciences.
After the entrance examination, full-time students must enroll in degree courses of the University.